Building a short-range Radar with LEGO Mindstorms 3

So after playing with the IR Sensor I decided that it was time to built something like a radar to detect objects and draw them on the screen. Obviously you can’t built a true radar with the sensors available with Mindstorms EV3 but you can get close enough ( for my needs ).

mindstorms-ev3-radar

Using the Ultrasonic sensor from EV3 Education set I built this robot.

The robot is just an Ultrasonic sensor mounted over one of the small turn tables and I use a M-motor to rotate it and a Touch sensor to make sure I don’t over-rotate it.

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Finding the correct gearing was a bit of a problem for me until I got it right. Not sure if I am missing something obvious but it is so hard for me to build Technic…

So once the robot was built, I designed this little program


program RADAR 
	Initialize Ultrasonic position
	Reset Motor sensor
	
	forever {
		distance = Ultrasonic reading
		
		heading = Get Motor Sensor reading
		
		draw point in heading, distance
		
		Move motor a bit
		}

There are a few ideas worth talking about on the above pseudocode.
To initialize the position of the Ultrasonic sensor I just turn it to the right until the touch sensor state changes, that means that the motor reached the most left.

initialize-radar-position

If you just now turn the motor a bit to the right on each turn you will get the radar… but what happens when it reach the most right position? Right, you need to go left again.
So how to do it? Have a look at the little Bouncing ball demo and you should get an idea.

The result is like this

How do I draw the points? It is a very simple idea.

radar-point-draw

We get the reading of distance from the Ultrasonic sensor and that would be a value ranging from 0 to 255, unfortunatelly our EV3 Brick has only 128 pixels high and I want a small margin on the bottom… I want the distance value in the range 0 to 118.

Then we get the motor rotations in degrees and that value will range from 0 degree to 440. How do I know? I just initialize the motor, rotate it by hand and check the rotation counter on the right bottom corner of the EV3 software. As EV3 Brick has 178 pixels wide screen I want to convert the range [0,440] to [0,178]…

Finally I draw a point on the screen without clearing the screen. And voila!

So using ideas from bouncing ball I wrote this EV3 app.

linear-radar

You can download the code from here.

Miguel says…

There is a problem that you will notice if you scan close surfaces, and it is that what it is a line in real world will be a curve on the EV3 screen and that’s because there is no correction on the drawing. The EV3 readings belong to a semicircle and we are drawing a rectangle.

I coded another version, that you also have available at the source code, that correct this but the results weren’t noticeable better and it was way slower…

3 thoughts on “Building a short-range Radar with LEGO Mindstorms

  1. Pingback: Rotatory Mindstorms EV3 Sonar ← LEGO Reviews & Videos

  2. Reply mini studios Jul 11,2014 4:38 pm

    wow I must admit that is pretty awesome

  3. Reply Mathew Jul 12,2015 2:11 am

    How to build???

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